Vancouver

Vancouver

The very location of Vancouver is grandiose: this city is surrounded by sparkling fjords and dark green mountains, whose peaks seem to be sprinkled with white sugar.

The first impression is delightful, but with a close acquaintance, an active and young Vancouver does not disappoint the guest. The bustling center, where fashionable restaurants and chic shops are at every step, as well as the charismatic quarters of the 19th century, well-groomed parks, elegant suburbs and yacht ports — all this, like a work of art, merges a single image.

Architectural and cultural diversity creates a special atmosphere in Canada’s most beautiful city. The glass at the non-modern towers reflects the unusual green copper roofs of buildings from the beginning of the 20th century, and two steps from boutiques on Robson Street you can buy exotic spices from Chinatown merchants.

About 580 thousand people live in Vancouver on an area of ​​114 km2. And if you count with the suburbs, it turns out that the number of inhabitants of the region with an area of ​​2000 km2 in the Fraser Delta is 2.2 million.

Vancouver is Canada’s third largest city. Its layout is determined mainly by water: the Georgia Strait borders the peninsula from the reserve where Downtown is located, two sea arms — Barrard-Inlet and Folks Creek — from the north and south.

On the north side of the wide Barrard Inlet, the prestigious suburbs of North Vancouver and West Vancouver are molded to the slopes of the Mountains of the Coastal Range (altitude over 1200 m).

Vancouver lives mostly in commerce. Its port facilities — the largest on the North American coast of the Pacific Ocean — stretched 150 km along the banks of the Barrard Inlet and the Fraser River.

Cars from Japan and clothes from Hong Kong arrive here, and the holds of ocean freight ships are filled with ore, sulfur, and cellulose to be sent back to Asia. Tourism, forestry and fishing are also sources of income for this large city.

The climate of Vancouver for Canada is unusually mild and balanced. The sea breeze brings coolness on hot summer days, and in winter the thermometer usually rises above 0 C.

Variety of choices

Vancouver residents love sports, and opportunities to do it begin here right from the doorstep. Sheltered bays are ideal for sailing and surfing, you can swim and sunbathe on the sandy beaches of the English Bay.

Provincial parks and campsites in the mountains are open for hikers, while skiers and trails await in the surrounding area. Not for nothing that the 2010 Winter Olympics will be held in this region!

The cultural life in the city is also diverse: a symphony orchestra, opera, and numerous theaters offer a repertoire for every taste. The life of Vancouver is brought to life by festivals organized by different groups of immigrants.

Story

The Kovican Indians who inhabited this coast lived in fishing. In 1791, the first European appeared here — Jose Maria Narvaes, a year later — George Vancouver. The heyday began in 1884, when the rails of the transcontinental Canadian Pacific Railway stretched to the very bay of Barrard-Inlet.

The population of the town, renamed from Granville to Vancouver, began to increase rapidly: from 2500 inhabitants in 1886 to 100 thousand inhabitants at the turn of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. Trade with the East flourished, and Vancouver became the most important Canadian port in the Pacific.

Due to the significant number of immigrants after. World War II, he also became an international metropolis. Vancouver continues to grow in recent decades. In the 1990s a wave of wealthy Chinese immigrants from Hong Kong poured here.

In Stanley Park

Stanley Park (400 hectares) is located at the tip of the peninsula that Downtown hires. Once a naval base was whining here, but back in 1888 its territory was made a recreation area.

Today, the total length of hiking trails and roads in the park exceeds 80 km. Vancouver residents like to spend their weekends here: ride bicycles and roller skates, have picnics.

In the eastern part, manicured lawns and flower beds prevail, as expected in a city park, and in the western part the park looks like a pristine forest. Giant cedars and douglas stand on the sides of the road leading along the rocky shore. In the depths of the park is the superb Vancouver Aquarium 0, which presents the inhabitants of the deep sea, including beluga whales and salmon.

The fish House, 8901 Stanley Park Dr., 681-7275. On weekends, there are a lot of people on the terrace, but on weekdays you can calmly sit here and try delicious fish dishes.

Across the coast is the Panoramic Road (Scenic Drive, one-way counterclockwise). Not far from the entrance (on Georgia Street) in a beautiful place is the Royal Vancouver Yacht Club.

A little further is a group of totem poles (Totem Poles); these pieces of art by Indian carvers are wonderfully restored. Variegated painted authentic pillars were brought here from different villages of the West Coast.

Brockton Point Lighthouse indicates the harbor entrance to sailors. At the next observation deck, a copy of the figure that adorned the bow of the Empress of Japan, which belonged to the Canadian Pacific Fleet and at the turn of the 19th-20th centuries, is visible. transporting goods to Asia, thereby contributing to the enrichment of Vancouver.

From here you can see the bay between the peninsula and North Vancouver, through which the Lions Gate Bridge is thrown. Two pylons of this bridge, opened in 1938, rise from the water, and the canvas of the bridge is located at an altitude of 70 m above sea level. Cape Prospect Point offers magnificent views of Georgia Bay and the mountains on the north shore.

From Gastown to Science World

Near the Harbor Center is the Gastown area. It was from here that Vancouver began. Gastown owes his luck to an almost anecdotal event. In 1867, Captain John Dayton (known as Jack the Chatterbox), immortalized in bronze on Maple Tree Square, convinced workers at a local sawmill to build a saloon with a barrel of whiskey.

So Gastown began to develop and build up, and the workers of this sawmill became its first inhabitants. In 1886, Gastown and surrounding areas were officially declared the city of Vancouver.

Modern Gastown is the fruit of the restoration efforts of a group of enthusiasts. In 1930-1950 the area fell into utter decline, and only thanks to the efforts of a handful of history buffs and Canadian democratism did the project to destroy this part of the city stop.

Today, Gastown is a district of fashion designers and artists, as well as a venue for a jazz festival, an area of ​​intricate bars, cafes and souvenir shops.

A few streets start Chinatown with its main streets Main Street and Keefer Street. Most Chinese are now scattered around the city, but they still trade in their quarter. Porcelain, rattan furniture, jade jewelry and other Chinese goods — all this awaits customers in countless shops and shops.

There is always a crush on the streets, but there is also an oasis of peace — the Chinese Garden (Dr. Sun Yat-Sen Classical Chinese Garden, 578 Carrai St.). Pender Street and Keefer Street open the Wight Market in the summer from Friday to Sunday .

The Science World glass ball was built for the 1986 exhibition. Today, this 17-story building houses the Omnimax Technical Museum and Cinema with a 27-meter wide screen.

North of Vancouver

From the Lion’s Gate Bridge to North Vancouver, Capilano lioad leads, which winds along the narrow gorge where the Kapila-no River flows, to the Kapilano Bridge f (Capilano Suspension Bridge, 3735 Capilano ltd.).

This suspension bridge is thrown over a canyon with a depth of 70 m. Just to the north of the bridge is a farm where salmon (Capilano Salmon Hatchery) are bred — a curious sight!

Leaving the city, it is worth paying attention to one of the sights: this is the cable car 111400 Nancy Greene Way), which is not on Mount Graus. From the restaurant at the top station, located just below the summit (1211 m), Vancouver opens in all its beauty as part of a magnificent panorama.

Deep below you can see the port and the old center, behind them — the wide Fraser Delta, on the right — the mountains on Vancouver Island, on the left — the Cascade Mountains in the US state of Washington.

Georgia Street — Canada Place

From the north, Robson Square is bounded by wide Georgia Street. On it are glass skyscrapers of office complexes, banks and Стр. expensive boutiques, a bizarre giant is also located right there — the Fairmont Vancouver hotel, which was built at the arrival of George VI and Queen Elizabeth in 1939.

A block from Robson Square, Georgia Street crosses Granville Street, the center of nightclubs, theaters and shops.

At the end of Granville Street is the ferry pier, from where the Sea-Bus departs for North Vancouver. Crossing to Lonsdale Quay (shopping center) is a pleasant boat trip.

From the west side of the ferry pier, steps lead up to pier BC (Pier BC), where cruise ships arrive. On the shore you can see the Canada Place Congress Center, built for the EXPO’86 exhibition by the project of Ed Seidler, with a huge cinema MAX.

The white sail of the enormous hipped roof should be reminiscent of the Canadian Pacific Fleet; during the exhibition, it was the pavilion of Canada. Through two streets to the east from the height of the tower of the Harbor Center complex, you can see how beautifully the city is located (at an altitude of 130 m there is an observation deck and a revolving restaurant).

Queen Elizabeth Park

Paths in the Botanical Garden ( Van Dusen Botanical Gardens , 5251 Oak St.) twist between groves and flower beds that are thematically devoted to different countries or individual species. In the spring, rhododendrons flourish everywhere here.

A little further east is Queen Elizabeth Park, W. 33rd Ave./Cambie St., located on a small hill (Little Mountain, 150 m) in the middle of residential areas.

On clear days, a magnificent view of the city center and mountains in the distance opens from the observation deck at the top. At the top was a quarry, which has now become part of the park: in the washing quarry, brooks murmur among roses and ferns. The white dome at the top is the roof of a small greenhouse of tropical plants (Bloedel Conservatory, Mon-Fri 00.00-20.00, Sat-Sun 10.00-21.00).

Robson Square

Downtown Downtown is Robson Square, but you won’t see the usual square. In the northern part of Robson Square, the Vancouver Art Gallery is located, where exhibitions are held on the culture of the region, Indian art, or individual artists such as Emily Kapp.

Next to the gallery is a glass dome above the entrance to the underground university buildings (UßC Robson Square). In the center, the square is intersected by busy Robson Street with many boutiques, cafes and restaurants.

Robson Street goes further west to Stanley Park; and east, to the Roman Colosseum-like Public Library, designed by Moshe Saf di. In the south, Robson Square is the constructivist building of the Regional Court, while the eastern side of the square is blocked by the cube of the SEARS department store, whose underground gallery extends beneath the square, crosses Georgia Street and flows into the Pacific Center.c

Robson Square is a busy place at any time of the day. Here they sell souvenirs and products of local craftsmen, street musicians perform, activists of one or another party collect signatures. And here is a clock that sets the time until the start of the 2010 Olympics.

English bay

On the southern shore of the English Bay fringed by beaches lies a small Vanier Park, where many museums are located. The excellent Vancouver Museum, 1100 Chestnut St., is dedicated to the history of the city from the Spanish discoverers to modern times.

Here, trappers’ shops and the homes of captains who got rich in trading with .Asia were recreated; the exposition presents the life of the Indians, the hippie movement, and various other topics.

Nearby is the planetarium (HR MacMillan Planetarium), which demonstrates, in particular, laser know-how. The Maritime Museum (Maritime Museum, 1905 Ogden Ave.) is dedicated to the early period of commercial fishing and whaling; ship models are also presented here.

The most interesting exhibit is “St. Roch, a Royal Canadian Mounted Police patrol vessel built in 1928 to guard the borders and specially equipped to serve in arctic waters.

During World War II Roch ”twice crossed the legendary Northwest Passage (sea route between the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans through the seas and straits of the Canadian Arctic Archipelago).

You can sunbathe and swim on the beaches of Kitsilano and Jericho Beach. The path past them leads to the University of British Columbia, which is famous for its departments of oceanography and forestry. The University Botanical Gardens are especially good at a rose garden and a Japanese garden. The Geological Museum has an interesting collection of fossils.

But the university earned world fame thanks to the Anthropological Museum (Museum of Anthropology, 6393 NW Marine Dr.), which presents the art and culture of the Northwest Indians. Arthur Erickson, the famous Vancouver architect, in 1976 designed the original museum building made of glass and concrete, which was supposed to resemble the traditional dwellings of the Indians.

In the Great Hall (Great Hall) the most spectacular and large totem poles are collected. Small objects made of wood, mudstone, silver are exhibited in the windows of all the halls, which testify to the skills of the Hyde Indians, Kwa-Qiutl, Tsshimian.

Skillfully executed masks of dancers with a length of up to 1.5 m and a weight of up to 20 kg in summer every day look impressive. 10-00— 17.00, in other months 11.00-17.00, Tue. until 21.00 all year round).