Cape Breton is now connected to mainland Nova Scotia by Canso-Causeway. The Scottish pioneers who landed here, this land, probably, reminded their homeland: lakes and rounded hills in the southwest and in the center, in the north — a severe plateau, abruptly breaking off into the sea without any coastline.
You can immediately go round this beautiful part of Nova Scotia along the world famous Cabot Trail, but it is better to first drive through Sydney (Sydney, 25,400 inhabitants) to the Fortress of Louisbourg, 1525 km. Before the conquest of the British in 1758, the fortified city, founded by the French, for 40 years turned into a flourishing center of trade. The British conquerors left no stone unturned here.
Louisburg fell into disrepair until it found an investor who invested $ 30 million in restoring one fifth of the (6700 ha) former city, after which the largest and most beautiful open-air museum in Canada arose. 8-foot walls surround the 50 reconstructed in its original form houses, churches, restaurants and marinas for yachts and sloops (May-June Everyday. 9.30-17.00, July-August. Everyday . 9.00-17.30, Sep .- October . Everyday . 9.30- 17.00).
The most interesting, as usual, is always left last. Many people call the Cabot-Trail road one of the most picturesque in the world: it goes around the deserted northern part of the island, either rising up over the Atlantic, or approaching the very line of the surf.
Having passed the Wreck Cove, the serpentine road goes to Mount Smoky past dizzying cliffs, under the cliffs hanging over it. Near the town of Ingonish f (1692 km), next to the bay in the form of an amphitheater, divided in two by a narrow, rocky strip of land, is the entrance to the Cape Breton Highlands National Park (950 km2).
We recommend going on a trip to the park only to those who are well prepared for mountain crossings. The fishing village of Neil’s Harbor is 19 km from Kate North. Here at Chowder House you can eat the most fish soup on the island. (902) 336-2463.0
In Margaree Harbor, Cabot — Trail again turns into the interior of the island and ends in the resort town of Baddeck (Baddeck, 1,100 inhabitants, 1,894 km). The town on Lake Bra-d’Or with an area of 1,100 km2 is proud of its famous citizen: from 1893 to 1922, the ingenious inventor Alexander Graham Bell lived and worked here.
We owe it to him that we have the opportunity to use the telephone and hydrofoil vessels. But not only. He conducted serious research on working with the deaf and dumb, and he came up with the initiative to found the National Geographie magazine. The Museum of Alexander G. Bell tells in detail about the life of this wonderful person (June daily 9.00-18.00, June-October 8.30-18.00).
From the village of Cape North, a road leads to the northernmost settlements of the island, where mother nature reappears in all its glory: dizzying gorges give way to cliffs directed upward. Behind Cape North, the Cabot Trail National Park crosses. And then one breathtaking panorama replaces another, and the most beautiful of them opens, perhaps, in front of the Acadian village of Shetikam (Chéticaraps, 1000 inhabitants, 1809 km).
The shortest route to Halifax (2,252 km) is via the Trans-Canada Road on Route 102.