About 23 million people live in eastern Canada, or nearly 3/4 of all Canadians. 90% of them are concentrated at a distance of no more than 200 km from the US border, mainly in the two largest megacities – Toronto (about 5.2 million people) and Montreal (3.6 million). The capital of the country Ottawa has 1.2 million inhabitants.
The solid urbanization of Eastern Canada, however, is still very far away: the average population density is less than 12 people / km2, and on the island of Newfoundland, even two people are not recruited per 1 km2. Only in Nova Scotia and on Prince Edward Island is the population density higher – 17.3 and 23.9 people / km2, respectively.
Canada is a classic country of immigrants. The main populations of Eastern Canada are descended from two “founding nations” – the French and the British.
55% of Ontario residents have Anglo-Saxon ancestors, the rest are descendants of aliens from around the world, primarily from Italy.
Scandinavia and Germany. In the provinces of the Atlantic coast, the majority of the population are also Anglo-Nadians, among whom there are especially many descendants of the Irish and Scots. In French-speaking Quebec, 90% of the 6 million inhabitants are descendants of the French settlers of the 17th century. The rest are English-speaking Quebecers and new settlers. In addition to Quebec, there are French-speaking minorities in all other provinces.
Francoontarians live in northern Ontario , who moved here at the beginning of the 20th century. from Quebec, and in the Atlantic provinces there are communities of Acadius Tsevs – descendants of the first French immigrants who settled on the shores of the Bay of Fundy. The most prominent role they play in New Brunswick. Here 12% of the population speak French at home, and another 30% consider both English and French to be their native languages.
Despite historically diverse populations, a growing ethnic polarization has emerged in recent decades: French Canadians from Ontario and the Atlantic coastal provinces, who are not dissolved in the English-speaking majority, move to Quebec, and Anglo-Canadians leave Quebec to Ontario or British Columbia.
The unresolved Quebec problem exacerbates this tendency – a larger question mark has hovered over the future of Canada. Indeed, in this huge country, traditionally there is no sense of national community.
Only when filling out tax returns or abroad do its residents call themselves Canadians, but at home they are proud Newfoundland or Quebec.
This is partly to blame for the history of the country, which took shape not in the course of revolutions and other events that had an ideological orientation, but on the basis of compromises reached with great difficulty between partners, whose interests are often diametrically opposed.