The difficulties of the formation and development of Canadian cinema were mainly associated with the overwhelming dominance of Hollywood films. In 1939, the state founded the National Committee for Cinematography, which initially supported the production of documentaries.
Only in the 1950s, when such well-known Canadian actors as Lorne Green and Donald Sutherland had already fully mastered in Hollywood, in Canada began to shoot feature films. 1960s were marked by significant achievements in the development of Canadian cinema.
In Quebec, a trend known as “true cinema” developed, a great contribution to the formation of which was made by such directors as Pierre Perrault and Gilles Grue, who shot realistic films of socially critical content, which for the first time received international resonance.
“Oscars” were awarded to such films as “The Death of the American Empire” (1986), “Jesus from Montreal” (1989) and “Invasion of the War-Ara” (2003) directed by Denis Arcan. Among the Anglo-Canadian tapes, the “Hero of a cheap shman” by Peter Pearson and “Ticket to Eoo” (1981) by Ralph Thomas were particularly popular in those years. The best traditions of Canadian cinema are continued by such films as “Leolo” by Can-Claude Lauzon, “Exotic” by Ato-on Egoyan and “The Confessor” (the film debut of the famous theater director Robert Lepage).
A striking example of the new Canadian cinema is The Crash ”tape (1996) by David Cronenberg: a sensation in Cannes, this film, whose heroes are sexually satisfied in car accidents, was initially boycotted by American distributors, despite the excellent cast.
Recently, such films as “My Big Greek Wedding” (2002) Nia Vardalos, “Three from Belleville” (2004), “Bad Good Police Officer” (2006) Eric Canue-la have received international recognition.
Today, Canadian filmmakers – such as Norman Jewison (“Sleepwalking”) and Robert Lantos (“Being Julia”) – are filming not only in Hollywood, but also at home in Toronto, which is often called “northern Hollywood.”
Among the most famous events of Canadian cinema are the Toronto International Film Festival and the Montreal World Film Festival.