The area of Canada is almost 10 million km2, it is the second largest country in the world in terms of territory. Its lands stretch for 8300 km from east to west – from Cape Speer on Newfoundland Island to the western border of the Yukon Territory.
The length of the country from north to south is 4,600 km – from Elsmere Island in the Arctic to Middle Island on Lake Erie. The eastern part of the country accounts for approximately half of its territory; it covers four of Canada’s seven major landscape zones.
The Canadian dominant geological dominant in a typical landscape with endless forests and lakes is the Canadian Shield, a giant granite platform that is about 3.6 billion years old, stretching from Baffin Island to Lake Manitoba.
In the south, the Canadian shield reaches Toronto and Montreal, gently descends to Lake Ontario and again rises in mountains, whose height reaches 1100 m. To the east of Quebec City, its spurs extend to the St. Lawrence River (more than 3000 km) – the most important waterway North America.
In the area of the southern border of Canada, the Great Lakes are located. The area of Ontario, Erie, Huron and Upper Lakes is more than 250 thousand km2, they are the largest reservoir of fresh water in the world. 37% of the Great Lakes area is in Canada, the rest is in the USA (Lake Michigan completely).
The granary of Canada is the fertile valley of the St. Lawrence River along the entire course of the river from the Great Lakes to the confluence of the Atlantic Ocean. This narrow strip of land is, as it were, sandwiched between the Canadian shield and the Appalachians, stretching from Alabama to Newfoundland and reaching a height of 600 m.
The tight gorges and dense forests of these mountains, which are younger than the Canadian Shield, are not in the Canadian style and they offer tourists many pleasant surprises. The Mont-Shik-Shok massif in Quebec, for example, is a real paradise for lovers of mountain routes and climbers, and the Gros Morne National Park on about. Newfoundland is included by UNESCO in the number of reserves of global importance.
The far north of Canada is not a classic area of tourist routes, but nevertheless a very interesting area for tourists.